Basic principles of color
How we see
Primary, secondary and tertiary colors
Tints and shades, value and hue, neutral grays
Understanding a few simple color
principles can result in successful color combinations
for any project. Useful for interior design projects, decorative
painting techniques, fine art painting, graphic design or
illustration techniques, understanding color
combinations can be easy and fun.
Primary Colors: The primary colors
consist of 3 unique colors, red-yellow-blue. When
mixing these 3 colors hues, at least in theory,
all the other hues of the color wheel, including
black can be created.
Primaries red, blue, yellow. The
ultimate contrast of hue and the greatest
luminosity. Primaries express fundamental
qualities, folk art, embroidery, costumes, etc.
They are exuberant, decorative, tonic, vigorous,
and active, danger, love, warmth, life
soft, cool, watery
closest to light and warmth
Secondary or Complementary colors
When any one primary color is mixed with another a
secondary color effect is produced. 3 secondary colors
are produced from the mixing of one primary color with
another. These colors are orange-green-violet.
These secondary colors are also known as
Orange is a
A color effect combination of
red and yellow.
Secondaries: green, orange, violet The
second most contrast of hue, the intensity of colors
diminishes as hues are further away from the
|Blending complementary colors to create
harmonious, neutral tones.
These colors are created when mixing one secondary and
one primary color. i.e. blue + violet = blueviolet.
or more separate colors are mixed (one primary and one
secondary the combination of two primaries), and in
our color wheel each tertiary color being created will
be an equal combination of the two colors , left and
right, surrounding an open segment.
colors are, yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet,
blue violet, blue-green, and yellow-green.
Mixing the primaries and the secondaries to create
tertiary colors. Cosmic universality, celestial,
medieval manuscripts, stained glass, other religious
Tertiary colors have less distinctive color
contrasts and often imply the concrete, mundane, and
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