Home Improvement - step-by-step


Refer to the artSparx basic preparation resource for more tips and techniques….

Patching Nailholes
Patching Hairline Cracks
Patching Small to Medium-Sized Holes
Patching Large Holes

Drop Cloths
Drywall tape
Joint compound
Putty Knife or
Joint taping knife
Sandpaper - 220 grit
Tack cloth
Ben Moore primer
Latex Paint - 
to match existing wall


Feature Product


Wallboard Compound: 12 lb., 1 gallon pail
Dap No. 10102 & 10100
A latex joint compound for treating taped joints of interior gypsum panels. Also may be used for finishing and patching.
SKU: 264528  


more dry wall compounds and plaster mixes



Color wash

more decorative techniques...


More techniques
Color washing
Glazing techniques 
Rag rolling 
Wood graining 
Striee glazing
Dragging techniques 
Pouncing techniques
Style archives
Preparation of surfaces
Know your materials

"Poetry is superior to painting in the presentation of words, and painting is superior to poetry in the presentation of facts"

Leonardo da Vinci  1452-1519





Patching Drywall  Surfaces 

Small to Medium-Size Holes 



Rating 1.5 -Beginner

Preparing the Surface

Step 1: 

Remove all cover plates, or any items that may interfere with patching your hole. Remove any loose pieces, dirt and dust from the hole area.

Step 2: 

Use drywall tape or adhesive mesh tape, found at Hardware store or your local hardware store. Be sure to cover the full crack using multiple strips if necessary.

Applying Drywall Compound

Step 3:  

Apply joint compound (a.k.a. drywall compound, or plaster wall fix) with a joint taping knife, medium sized putty knife or scraper. Smooth and feather out the surface with your knife. Feathering helps blend the slightly higher seams into the wall surface.

Step 4:  

Allow the patch to dry thoroughly and then sand it to a smooth surface. Use #220 grit sandpaper. Rap sand paper around a sanding block or piece of wood to prevent digging into the newly patched surface.

Step 5: 

Apply an additional layer of plaster compound if necessary, feathering outward to help blend seams. Once dry, sand smooth as before.

Priming and Finish Paint Coat

Step 6: 

After sanding, remove all plaster dust with a Tack cloth. Prime the plaster patch with Ben Moore primer, to seal the patch and prepare the surface for your finished coat of paint. Allow to dry completely.

Step 7:  

Paint over primer with your appropriate wall color. Allow to dry, then replace any cover plates, pictures, etc.

Your completed wall!

Step 8: Clean brushes up with warm, soapy water (latex paints).

Design Style features

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Decorative paint and glazing techniques



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